Astronomical Observatory

The Institute of Natural Sciences and Mathematics is a subdivision of Ural Federal University, which engages in educational, scientific, innovative, social and educational activities. The fundamental nature, a lot of practical tasks, involvement of scientists, and the students’ participation in scientific activities are the keys elements of our education.


The integration of education and research ensures the competitiveness of graduates in employment market in the field of natural science and related applied areas. An important task of the Institute is to attract talented young people to form a community of teachers, students and graduates.


Our student community includes winners and prize-winners of National Olympiads and competitions in Mathematics, Computer Science, Physics, Biology, Chemistry, Astronomy, and prize-winners of world championships in programming and information security.


Our graduates are experts in such fields as high technology, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, space, military defence, clinical diagnostics and genetics. They work in institutions of the Russian Academy of Sciences, research and expert laboratories, industrial corporations, leading computer companies and universities in Russia and abroad.


The Institute conducts fundamental and applied research, carries out expertise in different areas, including education. It integrates specialists in the international academic community, initiates and implements international research projects. The Institute provides work centres for collective use and popularizes scientific knowledge among the population. The main research areas of the Institute are:


• Mathematical and computer modelling of physicochemical processes in multiphase media;

• Mathematical modelling in physiology and medicine;

• Theory of automata and formal languages;

• Advanced materials, nanotechnology and physical instrument making;

• Bioresources, biotechnologies, physiology and fundamental medicine, bioinformatics;

• Information and telecommunication systems;

• Information processing and analysis technologies;

• Space physics.


The research work is based in the departments, laboratories, Research Institute of Physics and Applied Mathematics, research and educational centres, collective use centres, Kourovka Astronomical Observatory, Botanical Garden, Biological Station, Centre for Fundamental Biotechnology and Bioengineering.

telescopeThe Kourovka Astronomical Observatory is the easternmost observatory in Europe. It is the only observatory in the range of longitudes from Kazan to Irkutsk. The staff has been actively involved in the implementation of national and international programs to monitor stellar clusters, the Sun, comets, planets and their satellites, stars and star-forming regions and finding planetary systems around other stars. They also perform terrestrial optical observations of X-ray sources in synchronization with space experiments.

The international astronomy community has recognized the important role of the Observatory. In honor of Professor K.A. Barkhatova the International Astronomical Union named the minor planet number 5781 Barkhatova, in honor of the director of the observatory P.E. Zakharova — the minor planet number 4780 was named Polina, in honor of Associate Professor N.B. Frolova — the minor planet number 6165 was named Frolova. In 1996, the minor planet number 4964 was named Kourovka. The Observatory is a major observational base for future astronomers.