The Institute of natural sciences and mathematics is comprised of the bachelor's school and the school of science.
The key areas of research at the Institute include condensed state physics, physics of magnetic phenomena, molecular physics, stellar astronomy, biology, solid state chemistry, physical chemistry of macromolecules, organic synthesis, ecology, mathematics, computer science. In addition, an important part of the Institute is the research Institute for physics and applied mathematics, which carries out scientific research in a large number of areas.
The Institute is also involved in environmental research and circumterrestrial space monitoring. The Kourovka Astronomical observatory that located farthest to the East in Europe is part of the global space monitoring network. The Institute also has a unique biology station located between the rivers Iset and Sysert on the eastern slope of the Mid Urals, on the borderline of the southern taiga subzones and the pre-steppe zone.
The Institute’s graduates make up the core of institutes of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, research laboratories of industrial corporations, and science intensive businesses. Many of the Institute’s graduates work successfully in the hi-tech industries, chemical testing and environmental laboratories, clinical diagnosis and medical genetics centers and laboratories.